Joint Technology Initiatives
Information about Joint Technology Initiatives
|Topic||Information technology, Life sciences, Materials and production, Mobility|
|Type of service||Funding|
|Förderinstrument||Horizon 2020 - Beteiligungsregeln|
|FFG Unit of organisation||European and international programmes|
JTIs are open to a wide range of sectors in Europe, all types of research institutions and enterprises, including SMEs, may apply for funding. The European Commission has developed the new initiatives in close partnership with industry,which in turn has allocated substantial funding. The European Council has adopted regulations for the establishment of Joint Undertakings (JUs), which (usually) implement a JTI as a public-private partnership (PPP) and establish a new mechanism for financing integrated industrial research. Substantial modifications have been made in response to general criticism that the current initiatives are too complicated.
The aim of JTIs is to increase the competitiveness of European industry in selected technology fields. They focus on selected aspects of research in areas of European interest and societal relevance that require a joint strategic approach. Currently there are five JTIs, which are now being revised as part of the new Horizon 2020 Programme. In Horizon 2020, ARTEMIS(Embedded Systems), ENIAC(Nanoelectronics) and EPoSS (Smart Systems Integration) were recently merged into the Joint Undertaking ECSEL(ECSEL JU - Electronic Components and Systems for European Leadership).
Every JTI implements a common Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) and defines a detailed Work Programme. JTIs therefore launch their own calls and are responsible for project selection, negotiation of Grant Agreements, reporting etc.
The current Joint Technology Initiatives (JTIs) are:
- Innovative Medicine 2 (IMI): to develop next generation vaccines, medicines and treatments, such as new antibiotics
- Clean Sky 2 (CS2): to develop cleaner, quieter aircraft with significantly less CO2 emissions
- Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 (FCH): to develop and demonstrate clean and efficient fuel cell and hydrogen technologies for stationary and mobile applications
- Biobased Industries (BBI): to use renewable natural resources and innovative technologies for greener everyday products
- Electronic Components and Systems for European Leadership (ECSEL):to boost Europe’s electronics manufacturing capabilities. ECSEL combines the Joint Technology Initiatives (JTI) ARTEMIS - Embedded Systems, ENIAC - Nanoelectronics and EPoSS
- Shift2Rail (S2R): to develop better trains and railway infrastructure
- SESAR: to develop the new generation European air traffic management system
Note: The above Joint Technology Initiatives are so-called "institutional PPPs". These must be distinguished from contractually organised public-private partnerships, or "contractual PPPs" (see link "EC: PPP in Horizon 2020").