Subcontracting (Art. 13 GA)
Detailed information can be found on our thematic page "Subcontracting".
Contracts (Art. 10 GA)
Detailed information can be found on our thematic page "Costs of other goods and services".
Linked third parties (Art. 14 GA)
Linked third parties are not beneficiaries, but carry out tasks within the project and declare their own costs (non-profit rule!) in a separate financial statement.
They are subject to the same eligibility rules as the beneficiaries. Linked third parties are eligible if they are named in the Grant Agreement (GA) together with their tasks. Linked third parties may only be parent/subsidiary/associated companies of a beneficiary ("affiliates") as well as organisations with a legal link to a beneficiary.
Third parties providing in-kind contributions (Arts. 11 and 12 GA)
So-called "third parties providing in-kind contributions" provide in-kind contributions to a beneficiary.
Such in-kind contributions may consist of e.g. equipment or research infrastructure, or personnel employed by the third party and working for the beneficiary ("seconded personnel", reported under "personnel costs"). Please note: Not to be confused with staff provided by a temporary work agency (= reported under "contracts"/"other direct costs").
The costs eligible are the actual costs incurred by the third party for his/her in-kind contributions - even if the beneficiary has received the in-kind contribution free of charge and not against payment. If the in-kind contribution was provided free of charge, the funding received for this shall be considered as receipts of the project. In any case, the third party and the type of in-kind contribution must be indicated in the GA.
International Partners (art. 14a GA)
These are organisations that are not eligible for funding (legal entities established in a third country not listed in Annex A to the Horizon 2020 Work Programme 2018-2020 or international organisations without European interest (art. 2.1(12) of the Horizon 2020 Rules for Participation).
Their estimated costs need to be indicated in the project budget (Annex 2), but will not be reimbursed and will not be taken into account for the calculation of the grant amount.
Please note: International Partners are not beneficiaries. But they perform their action tasks directly without receiving funding from the EU Commission/Funding Agency.
For these international partners the obligations under the GA do not apply directly, as they do not sign it. Still beneficiaries must ensure that the international partners comply with some obligations.
Financial support to third parties (Art. 15 GA)
Third parties may receive financial support from the project budget in the form of fellowships, prizes etc. only if this is explicitly foreseen in the work programme and if Article 15 is shown as an option in the GA. If this is the case the following minimum requirements must be met:
- maximum amount of EUR 60,000 per third party
- criteria for calculating the exact amount of financial support
- a closed list of the types of activities that qualify for financial support
- the (groups of) persons that may receive financial support AND
- the general criteria for giving financial support.
Financial support to third parties may also be provided in the form of prizes. More information about the specific prerequisites can be found in Article 15.2 GA.
Non-compliance with the requirements mentioned above may lead to a reduction of the grant.
Consortia that grant financial support to third parties within their Horizon 2020 action are referred to the document “Guidance note on financial support to third parties under H2020".
Please note: As third parties do not sign the GA, the beneficiary remains responsible towards the EU Commission. Therefore it is recommended to conclude a contract between the beneficiary and the third party. In this respect you may use our Sideletter as template.
|Type of third party||Works on action tasks (Annex 1)?||Provides resources or services for the action||What is eligible?||Indicated in Annex 1?||Indirect costs?||Selecting the third party||GA art.|
|subcontractor||yes||no||price||yes||no||best value for money
no conflict of interest
|contractor||no||yes||price||no||yes||best value for money
no conflict of interest
|linked third party||yes||no||costs||yes||yes||affiliate or legal link
eligible for funding
|international partner||yes||no||/||yes||/||not eligible for funding||14a|
|third party providing in-kind contributions||no||yes||costs||yes||yes||not used to circumvent the rules||11, 12|
|financial support to third parties||participation in the action as recipients only when explicitly foreseen in the call text||participation in the action as recipients only when explicitly foreseen in the call text||support given||yes||no||according to the conditions in Annex 1||15|
Questions & Answers
Question: Can a beneficiary simultaneously be a third party of another beneficiary in the same action?
Explanation: Third parties are organisations that have not signed the Grant Agreement. Therefore an organisation cannot simultaneously be a beneficiary and a third party (“non-beneficiary”).
Question: Can a beneficiary simultaneously be a subcontractor of a linked third party of another beneficiary?
Explanation: Subcontracts between beneficiaries of the same action are not eligible for funding. Since linked third parties are subject to the same accounting rules as the beneficiaries, this rule must be applied accordingly.
Question: Can a linked third party charge costs of contracts, subcontracts and in-kind contributions?
Explanation: Linked third parties are subject to the same accounting rules as the beneficiaries and can therefore also charge the costs of contracts, subcontracts and in-kind contributions.
Question: How should the costs of linked third parties be allocated in the proposal?
Answer: The costs of a linked third party should be allocated to the beneficiary to which it is linked (i.e. personnel costs of the linked third party are added to the personnel costs of the beneficiary; other direct costs of the linked third party are added to the other direct costs of the beneficiary etc.)
Exception: In Innovation Actions (IA), the costs of the linked third party must be specified separately from the costs of the beneficiary.
More information can found ...
- in the Annotated Grant Agreement (AGA), Article 8 to Article 15.