In addition to Horizon 2020, the European Research Area has a range of other strategic (topic development) and operative opportunities for participation (open calls). The guiding principle of the European Union focuses primarily on fostering inclusion as well as scientific and technological cooperation among its Member States.
- Article 185 Measures, ERA-Net Initiatives (Networking in the European Research Area) and Joint Programming Initiatives (JPIs) coordinate national research topics and provide opportunities for collaboration at European level via joint calls.
- The European Innovation Partnerships (EIPs) do not receive EU funding subsidies, but members of the Action Groups may participate in the calls of individual funding programmes such as Horizon 2020, structural funds or national funding programmes.Future and Emerging Technology (FET) Flagships are long-term initiatives, which promote basic research for the benefit ofindustry and society. Open calls provide opportunities to participate in the implementation of the relevant mission.
- Joint Technology Initiatives (JTIs) and so-called contractual Public Private Partnerships (PPP initiatives) develop strategic plans for strengthening industrial competitiveness, which are then implemented through calls for proposals. Valuable content-related input is also provided in this context via the European Technology Platforms (ETPs), which offer excellent opportunities for establishing international networks.
- The European Innovation and Technology Institute (EIT) connects research, education and innovative entrepreneurship with a focus on selected topics, which are then developed in networks known as Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs).
- The COSME Programme for the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises supports better access to finance for SMEs and more favourable conditions for business start-ups and expansions.
- EUREKA (the initiative for applied research and development in Europe) is a European-international network for applied research and development in Europe and provides a framework for cross-border cooperation projects between companies and research organisations.
- COST is a research initiative of European states and promotes European cooperation in the field of science and technology. COST Actions support scientific-technical cooperation in the field of precompetitive research